عنوان مقاله [English]
The Caspian Sea has long been of particular economic importance. Throughout its history, the sea has always been an interconnected vehicle and an enormous water transport network, connecting different lands and regions, and has been a convenient and accessible means of communication and communication between different communities. From the ancient times before Qajar, traders and travelers were active in transporting goods and goods were sometimes exported and exported there. The Khorasan Road (known as the bridge between the East and West of the Iranian Plateau) is one of the areas where finding its status in the late Islamic period can play an important role in reconstructing the history of commercial and cultural developments. The region has a central plateau, north and northwest of the country. In this regard, from the pre-historic period the areas of Qazvin area were connected with the areas of the central plateau of Iran and northwest of Iran. This issue has spread to historical and Islamic times and commercial paths to economic prosperity. The region has played a significant role. In this study, the role of the late Islamic ports of the Caspian Sea in the development of trade routes in the southern areas of the central Alborz (northern Abike foothills) is further elucidated.