عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the importance of rail transport and its impact on the shipment of goods from the port to road transport has become apparent as a competitive advantage in light of the three most important parameters of convenient, cheap and fast transportation for ports. As a result, paying attention to the progress and development of the rail network of ports is an effective step towards increasing the share of the rail fleet in the transit of goods from the port. This research examines the challenges of the rail fleet within ports and evaluates the factors affecting their situation improvement and uses the Delphi method for analysis, investigation and conclusion. The main tool of collecting and measuring the variables of the research is a questionnaire. Sample members were randomly selected from 80 owners of goods, representatives of shipping companies and operators of rail terminals. Finally, professional guidelines in the formulation and implementation of effective planning were proposed in this regard.